The freemason movement called the "Illuminati" was formed in Bavaria in 1776. "Hidden Agenda theorists" like Myron Fagan and others claim the leftist celebrations on May 1st originated from the formation of this secretive organisation on May 1st 1776. It's been claimed that the Rothschild bankers financed this organisation, but this may be speculation. It was outlawed by the Bavarian government after one of it's members on horseback was struck by lightning near Regensburg, Bavaria ( not near Frankfurt as Fagan mistakenly claimed ) and secret papers of the Illuminati were seized by the Bavarian government which outlawed this organisation. Today no serious group calls themself the 'Illuminati', but like the term 'mafia' the designation is often loosely used for one world government leftist liberals and organisations such as the Bilderbergs, FED, U.N., E.U., etc..